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  • GI01: We must not use quotation marks to refer to words in themselves without being part of a quotation. In such cases, we must use italics (e.g., The first known use of the word ocean in English is from the 14th century.).

  • GI02: We must use italics for titles of large works such as books, encyclopedias, dictionaries, newspapers, magazines (including online versions of the above), music albums, movies, paintings, television series, plays, operas, sculptures and ballets. We must not use italics for the names of social media sites, blogs and databases.

  • GI03: We must use italics for foreign words and phrases (as long as they are not included in our English language reference dictionary: Merriam-Webster).

  • GI04: We must use italics when we want to emphasize a word or expression that in itself is not a keyword or a key expression in the text (e.g., "In my words, the paper calls for a shift in how organizations see cybersecurity.").

  • GI05: We can italicize terms that we expect to be unfamiliar to readers the first time they appear in a text.

  • GI06: We must not italicize punctuation marks unless they are within what must be italicized (e.g., Did you read the book Outliers: The Story of Success?).

  • GI07: We must italicize letters that are employed as statistical symbols or algebraic variables (e.g., Cohen's d, SD, M, t).