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Quotation Marks

  • GQ01: We must use straight quotation marks and apostrophes (e.g., "I'll do this"), not curved ones (e.g., “I won’t do this”).

  • GQ02: We must use quotation marks to enclose and represent exact words that come from someone else.

  • GQ03: We must place the periods and commas before the final quotation marks. On the contrary, we must put the colons and semicolons after the final quotation marks. If exclamation and question marks are not part of a quotation, we must place them outside the quotation marks.

  • GQ04: We must use single quotation marks ('...') to enclose quotations within other quotations (e.g., The doctor told me, "When I interviewed the patient, she simply said 'I didn't see anything.'").

  • GQ05: We must use quotation marks for titles of songs, short stories, essays, newspaper and magazine articles, blog posts and other similar online publications, poems, chapters of books and episodes of TV series and radio programs.

  • GQ06: We can use quotation marks to indicate words with irony, skepticism or a certain reserve (e.g., The team's "great effort" has meant being eliminated from the main league.).

  • GQ07: When we want to remove an unnecessary fragment from a quotation, we must use ellipsis in square brackets as a substitute (e.g., "The biggest thing is to go through the attack methodology and show what worked [...] and what did not work in the attack.").

  • GQ08: When we need to modify a fragment of a quotation, for instance, to adjust the sentence tense, we must put the new words in square brackets (e.g., "This [was] very controversial given the calls of different organizations and human rights defenders.").

    NOTE: In AsciiDoc, in cases like the previous example, we must use the backslash before the first closing square bracket to get the intended hyperlink:

    GQ08a

    GQ08b

    In Markdown, there is no problem.

  • GQ09: We must separate the quotation as an independent paragraph with a different style (using [quote] in AsciiDoc and the blockquote symbol (>) in Markdown) when it is longer than 40 words. However, we can do this also with shorter quotations when we want to give them some emphasis.