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Lack of multi-factor authentication

Description

Critical services of the system, such as databases, shared resources containing sensitive information and web services, are not protected by a multi-factor authentication mechanism. This makes it easier for an attacker who has compromised a user's account to access those resources.

Impact

Multi-factor authentication is flawed to the point where it can be bypassed entirely.

Recommendation

Implement a double factor authentication by software or hardware to increase the protection level of the resources authentication.

Threat

Authenticated attacker from the Internet.

Expected Remediation Time

⌚ 15 minutes.

Score

Default score using CVSS 3.1. It may change depending on the context of the src.

Base

  • Attack vector: N
  • Attack complexity: L
  • Privileges required: L
  • User interaction: N
  • Scope: U
  • Confidentiality: H
  • Integrity: L
  • Availability: L

Temporal

  • Exploit code madurity: X
  • Remediation level: O
  • Report confidence: X

Result

  • Vector string: CVSS:3.1/AV:N/AC:L/PR:L/UI:N/S:U/C:H/I:L/A:L/E:X/RL:O/RC:X
  • Score:
    • Base: 7.6
    • Temporal: 7.3
  • Severity:
    • Base: High
    • Temporal: High

Score 4.0

Default score using CVSS 4.0 . It may change depending on the context of the src.

Base 4.0

  • Attack vector: N
  • Attack complexity: L
  • Attack Requirements: N
  • Privileges required: L
  • User interaction: N
  • Confidentiality (VC): H
  • Integrity (VI): L
  • Availability (VA): L
  • Confidentiality (SC): N
  • Integrity (SI): N
  • Availability (SA): N

Threat 4.0

  • Exploit madurity: X

Result 4.0

  • Vector string: CVSS:4.0/AV:N/AC:L/AT:N/PR:L/UI:N/VC:H/VI:L/VA:L/SC:N/SI:N/SA:N/E:X
  • Score:
    • CVSS-BT: 7.2
  • Severity:
    • CVSS-BT: High

Requirements

Fixes

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